K to 12 Curriculum is a curriculum which is designed and prepared by Filipinos for the Filipinos. The best practices and the best features of previous curricula were consolidated and included in this new curriculum. Here's a better and simple explanation of the K12 Curriculum in the Philippines that provides better understanding and answer to the most frequently asked questions about it.
In 2000, the Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) was introduced in the Philippine Educational System but just after a few years of implementation, it was abolished and replaced in 2010 by the Secondary Education Curriculum (SEC), a curriculum based on UBD or Understanding By Design.
Just after two years of implementing the Secondary Education Curriculum, a new one was introduced again – the K to 12 Curriculum which stirred so many questions, controversies, doubts and confusions to parents and students including teachers.
What is all about this curriculum? Is it good for the Filipino people? Or it is just a political propaganda or a new scheme of money-making for corrupt high-ranking officials, specifically in the education department?
People are confused because it seems that every time a new secretary is appointed in the Department of Education or DepEd, a new curriculum is being introduced.
So far, the K to 12 Curriculum is more likely the best designed curriculum in the history of the Philippine educational system. This curriculum is the product of the collaboration of the different Philippine government agencies such as DepEd, Commission on Higher Education or CHED, Department of Labor and Employment or DOLE, Technical Education and Skills Development Authority or TESDA, other agencies, curriculum experts and people who actually work from the academe.
In short, the K to 12 Curriculum is a curriculum which is designed and prepared by Filipinos for the Filipinos. The best practices and the best features of previous curricula were consolidated and included in this new curriculum.
K to 12 is a curriculum which starts from K-Kindergarten and ends up to Grade 12. This means that after 13 years of basic education, a pupil/student who undertakes this curriculum will be completing 4 certificates or diploma namely:
1. Kindergarten or Pre-elementary certificate
2. Elementary Diploma (Grade 1 to 6)
3. Junior High School Diploma (Grade 7 to 10)
4. Senior High School Diploma (Grade 11 to 12)
Is this curriculum good for the Filipinos? Certainly, K to 12 graduates will be technologically prepared with developed skills, employment-ready and globally competitive.
Parents and guardians often thought that the two additional years in the new curriculum are additional years of financial burden on their part. This perception is absolutely wrong. Parents will actually benefit from this curriculum because they will be spending less for the education of their children. We know for a fact that many parents can not afford to send their children to college once they finished high school education. The senior high school diploma of a K to 12 Curriculum graduate is equivalent to a student who finished second year college education. This would also mean that he is already qualified for employment even without finishing a college degree.
Students in high school who enrolled this school year (SY 2012-2013) will be the first batch of the K to 12 Curriculum. The first batch will graduate as Junior High School in 2016 and as Senior High School in 2018.
Currently enrolled second, third and fourth year high school students will graduate as regular high school. The curriculum for second year high school is SEC while for third year and fourth year is BEC.