Structure of Subject Matter Content in Teaching
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Structure of Subject Matter Content in Teaching

In teaching, the structure of subject matter should include the cognitive, the skills and the affective components.

In teaching, the structure of subject matter should include the cognitive, the skills and the affective components.

The cognitive component includes teaching learners with facts, with concepts, with principles, with theories, with hypothesis and laws.

The second component is the skill component. This component includes teaching the learners with the thinking and manipulative skills.

The third component is the affective component; it includes the realm of values as well as the attitudes that are being used or develop through the learning process.

The cognitive aspect teaches learners with fact; an idea or an action that can be verified. These are considered as the basic unit of the cognitive subject matter content. Knowledge goes higher from facts going to more complex concepts, principles, hypothesis, theories as well as laws.

The cognitive aspect teaches learners with concepts; these are the categorization of events, people, places, ideas and more. Example is the concept about animals; here we include dogs, cats, lions, eagles and etc.

The cognitive aspect teaches learners with principles; these are the relationships between and among facts and concepts.

The cognitive aspect teaches learners with hypothesis; these are considered as educated guesses about relationships or principles.

The cognitive aspect teaches learners with theories; these are the sets of facts, concepts and principles that describe the possible, underlying as well as unobservable mechanism that regulate the learning, the development and the behavior of man. Theories further explain why the principles are true.

The cognitive aspect also teaches learners with laws; these are thoroughly tested and firmly established principles such as the Law of Gravity, the Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy, and many else.

The next component is the skill which is further divided into thinking skills and manipulative skills.

Thinking skills are the skills that are beyond recall as well as comprehension. These skills are concerned with the application of what was being learned such like having a problem solving in real life situation. It also includes synthesis, evaluation as well as critical and creative thinking.

The Manipulative Skills are those skills that are dominantly skill-oriented such like computer manipulation, physical education and many else. The Manipulative skills usually developed from naïve manipulation going to more expert and precise manipulation.

The last component is the affective component; this affective component is concern on how to teach values to the learners. Through this component, the teaching of facts, skills and concepts are being connected to the life of the learners.

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